Preparing for Hanukkah

image: Menorah Mosaic posted on flickr.com by m kasahara

by: Grayson Leverenz

About 2% of the US population, or approximately 6,000,000 people, follow the Jewish religion. As such, Hanukkah plays a major role in the lives of many Americans. Hanukkah, or the Festival of Lights, begins on the 25th day of Kislev, according to the Jewish calendar. The 25th day occurs every year between late November and late December on the US calendar. In 2008, Hanukkah begins at sunset on December 21st and lasts eight nights, ending on December 29th.

The Hanukkah Story

Upon rising to power around 175 BC, Antiochus IV Epiphanes outlawed Judaism, and persecuted Jewish people that denied the Greek gods he worshipped. The leader even erected an altar to Zeus in the Temple in Jerusalem in 167 BC. After years of war, the Jewish people, led by Judah Macabee, defeated the monarchy, and reclaimed their Temple in 165 BC.

The rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem kicked off the festival of Hanukkah, which means “dedication” in Hebrew. Legend has it that Judah and his brothers wanted to light the golden menorah for the rededication, and were able to find enough olive oil to burn for one day. By a miracle, the oil lasted eight days, exactly the amount of time it took to produce new oil and keep the menorah lit.

Traditions

Menorah

Today, Jewish-Americans light a candle on their menorahs for every night of Hanukkah to remind people of the eight-day miracle. Each candle or oil lamp is lit by a 9th candle that sits either higher or lower than the other candles in the menorah. The sole purpose of this extra candle is to light the Hanukkah candles. That way the eight candles are only lit to remember the Hanukkah story and the miracle.

Gifts

Jewish children traditionally receive gelt, or money, during Hanukkah. In the US, children often receive gifts on one or every night of Hanukkah, very similar to Christian children receiving gifts on Christmas morning.

To celebrate your own Hanukkah here in the US:

Eat

Fried foods take center stage during Hanukkah, especially those fried in olive oil. Potato pancakes, or latkes in Yiddish, are very popular. Click here for a recipe.

Play

Jewish children often play with a four-sided spinning top called a dreidel during Hanukkah. Click here for a virtual dreidel game.

Listen

To Hanukkah radio on AOL; the streaming is free. The link takes you to “Christmas Stations,” but if you scroll down, you’ll find Hanukkah radio. Click here to listen.

Watch

A Rugrats Chanukah. A children’s cartoon that’s fun for the whole family. Click here to watch it for free.

For more on Hanukkah, click here.

Happy Hanukkah!

Author: Grayson Leverenz

Grayson Leverenz founded MBA in the USA® to help international students build networks, find jobs, and have fun in the USA. Hundreds of global professionals have benefited from Grayson’s intercultural workshops, and she has worked with people from Brazil, China, India, South Africa, South Korea, the UK, and the USA to build effective virtual teams and craft brilliant careers.

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